India’s geostrategic location, its relatively sound economic position vis-a-vis its neighbours and its liberal democratic credentials have induced the government to undertake proper management of Indian borders, which is vital to national security.
India shares 15,106.7 km of its boundary with seven nations—Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. These land borders run through different terrains; managing a diverse land border is a complex task but significant from the view of national security. In addition, India has a costal boundary of 7,516.6 km, which includes 5,422.6 km of coastline in the mainland and 2,094 km of coastline bordering islands. The coastline touches 9 states and 2 union territories.
Effective border management for such complex territorial conditions calls for proper planning and measures on the three main aspects: people, process and technology
Keeping effective border management in mind, Siddharth Kumar Mishra, Sonu Kumar Pandey and Shubham Chauhan, mentored by professors from IIMT innovation Cell developed “EAGLE” (Border Patrolling Drone) in the year 2019.
EAGLE is made of light composite materials to reduce weight and increase manoeuvrability. This composite material strength allows it to cruise at extremely high altitudes. It is equipped with different state of the art technology such as day-night vision cameras (military UAV), GPS and laser (military UAV). It can be controlled by remote control system or a ground cockpit.
EAGLE has two parts, the drone itself and the control system. The nose of this unmanned aerial vehicle is where all the sensors and navigational systems are present. The rest of the body is complete innovation since there is no loss for space to accommodate humans and also light weight. The engineering materials used to build this drone are highly complex composites which can absorb vibration which decreases the noise produced.
EAGLE, equipped with day-night vision cameras, can fly up to a height of 100 metre to capture images on the ground, especially of isolated areas not visible to unaided human eye.
Key Elements of Innovation:
i. Autonomous Drone
ii. Light Weight
iii. Can work in night and day both
i. Effective border management
ii. Less human efforts